How Do I Test My Dog For Brucellosis: A Comprehensive Guide
Brucellosis Test For Dogs | How To
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How Is Brucellosis Diagnosed In Dogs?
How is brucellosis diagnosed in dogs? To diagnose brucellosis in dogs, a blood sample is typically collected and tested for the presence of antibodies that combat Brucella canis, the bacterium responsible for the disease. The diagnostic process involves two key tests. Firstly, a screening test is conducted to detect antibodies, and if the initial screening shows positive results, a confirmatory test is administered. The screening tests commonly used for this purpose include the Rapid Slide Agglutination Test (RSAT) and the Tube Agglutination Test (TAT). This dual-testing approach is essential to ensure accurate and reliable diagnosis. Please note that this information is accurate as of October 5, 2022, and advancements in diagnostic methods may have occurred since then.
What Is The Blood Test For Brucellosis In Dogs?
What is the recommended blood test for detecting Brucella canis, a bacterial infection in dogs? To diagnose Brucella canis, it is crucial to undergo serological testing, which should be conducted exclusively by the APHA laboratory. The most reliable approach involves combining two specific tests: the Standard Agglutination Test (SAT) and the Rapid Slide Agglutination Test (RSA), both requiring 2ml of serum. After submission, anticipate a wait of approximately 7 to 21 days for the test results to be processed. It’s important to note that PCR testing is discouraged due to its tendency to yield false negative results, making the SAT and RSA tests the preferred choice for accurate diagnosis.
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The most common blood test is called a rapid slide agglutination test or RSAT, and it can detect infections after three to four weeks. This test is used for screening of breeding dogs, and negative tests are reliable unless the dog has been recently exposed to the disease.A blood sample is tested for the antibodies that fight Brucella canis. If a dog tests positive for the antibodies on a screening test, another test is done to confirm. The tests are: Screening tests: Rapid Slide Agglutination Test (RSAT) and Tube Agglutination Test (TAT)Diagnostic testing for Brucella canis
We require serological testing for Brucella canis to be performed by the APHA laboratory. We advise performing both the SAT and RSA test (2ml serum) together. Test results are likely to take 7-21 days. PCR testing is not recommended given the high rate of false negative results.
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