How Many Divisions Were Of Harappan Cities: Uncovering Ancient Urban Structures

How Many Divisions Were Of Harappan Cities: Uncovering Ancient Urban Structures

What Was The Indus Valley/Harappan Civilisation?

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What Are The Divisions Of The Harappan Civilization?

The Harappan civilization, also known as the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), is divided into three distinct phases, each characterized by its own unique characteristics and time periods. These phases provide valuable insights into the evolution and decline of this ancient civilization.

  1. The Early Harappan Phase (3300 to 2600 BCE): This marks the initial stage of the Harappan civilization’s development. During this period, early settlements began to emerge along the banks of the Indus River, showcasing the early signs of urbanization. Archaeological findings from this phase reveal basic town planning, pottery, and trade activities, laying the foundation for the more advanced stages that followed.

  2. The Mature Harappan Phase (2600 to 1900 BCE): This is considered the pinnacle of the Harappan civilization. It is characterized by the flourishing of well-planned cities with advanced infrastructures. During this period, the Harappans displayed remarkable achievements in architecture, including well-organized streets, drainage systems, and multi-story buildings. Their sophisticated pottery, seals, and script indicate a high level of cultural and economic development. Trade networks extended beyond the Indus Valley, connecting them to other regions.

  3. The Late Harappan Phase (1900 to 1300 BCE): This phase represents the decline and eventual collapse of the Harappan civilization. It is marked by the abandonment of major urban centers, a decline in trade, and a shift toward smaller, rural settlements. Various theories suggest that factors such as climate change, natural disasters, and socio-economic issues may have contributed to the decline of this once-thriving civilization. The exact reasons remain a subject of ongoing research and debate among historians and archaeologists.

By understanding these three distinct phases, we gain a comprehensive view of the rise, peak, and eventual decline of the Harappan civilization, shedding light on its complexities and the factors that shaped its history.

Which Harappa City Divided Into 3 Parts?

Dholavira, one of the prominent cities of the ancient Harappan civilization, exhibited a unique structural division into three distinct parts. Situated on Khadir Bet in the expansive Rann of Kutch, this city stands apart from its contemporaries like Mohenjodaro, which typically featured a two-part division. In the case of Dholavira, each of its three sections was enclosed by imposing stone walls, each featuring its own grand gateway for access. This distinctive urban layout not only sets Dholavira apart but also offers valuable insights into the organization and complexity of urban planning within the Harappan civilization.

Top 13 How many divisions were of Harappan cities

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What Was The Indus Valley/Harappan Civilisation?
What Was The Indus Valley/Harappan Civilisation?

The cities in Harappa were divided into two parts– one part smaller and raised above the ground called the citadel, and the other bigger called the lower-town. The bigger area situated below the citadel was called the lower town.Dholavira, a Harappan City, was divided into three parts. It is located in the Rann of Kutch at Khadir Bet. Unlike other Harappan cities, such as Mohenjodaro, which was divided into two parts, Dholavira was divided into three parts. Each part was surrounded by massive stone walls and opened through gateways.

Three phases of IVC are:
  • the Early Harappan Phase from 3300 to 2600 BCE,
  • the Mature Harappan Phase from 2600 to 1900 BCE, and.
  • the Late Harappan Phase from 1900 to 1300 BCE.

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